Epistles of Thomas

August 12, 2007

Romans 8:28 Textual Criticism

Filed under: Greek,New Testament,Textual Criticism,Translation — Thomas @ 18:41

Today I begin a series looking at the Greek text of Romans 8:28. There are three possible readings for the original text. These are listed below along with their manuscript witness:

τον θεον παν συνεργει ο qeoß εις αγαθον P46
τον θεον παντα συνεργει ο qeoß εις αγαθον A B 81 sa (eth) Origengr2/5
τον θεον παντα συνεργει εις αγαθον א C D F G Ψ 6. 33. 104. 256. 263. 424. 436. 459.
614. 1175. 1241. 1319. 1506. 1573. 1739. 1852. 1881. 1912. 1962. 2127. 2200. 2464. Byz [KLP]
Lect. latt [ar, b, d, f, g, mon, o, vg] sy [p, h] bo arm geo slav; Cl

The text of Romans 8:28 in NA27 and UBS4 reads: οἴδαμεν δὲ ὅτι τοῖς ἀγαπῶσιν τὸν θεὸν πάντα συνεργεῖ εἰς ἀγαθόν, τοῖς κατὰ πρόθεσιν κλητοῖς οὖσιν. It becomes immediately obvious that the current text which omits ο qeoß has overwhelming numerical manuscript support. Westcott and Hort included ο qeoß in their text but in brackets showing they were unsure of its authenticity. This was also the position of NA25. However, von Soden and Tischendorf both relegated the variant to the apparatus. English translations have taken a variety of positions on this verse. The NRSV translates this “We know that all things work together for good for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose.” It also includes a footnote which reads, “Other ancient authorities read ‘God makes all things work together for good, or in all things God works for good.’” These are the three possible English translations of this section.

Next time we will look at the external evidence for these variations.

P.S. I am using the Gentium font to display the Greek text. It was developed by SIL and is available for free download.


1 Comment »

  1. I realise that the fonts are a mess but trying to edit them in the code on WordPress just makes for an even bigger mess so as long as you can read it be thankful 🙂 Next time I will try to type everything once and stick to one font.

    Comment by true54blue — August 12, 2007 @ 18:46 | Reply

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