Chapter ten begins with a mighty angel appearing and presenting a tiny scroll to John. He swore by the Eternal Creator that there would be no more delay. At the end time the plan of God would be accomplished just as he said through the prophets. John is commanded to eat the small scroll and it tasted like honey in his mouth but was sour in his stomach. This is similar to Ezekiel 3:3 but in that account the scroll was not sour in Ezekiel’s stomach. His message was to the disobedient people of Israel but John is told, “You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, languages and kings” (10:11).
In chapter eleven, the two witnesses are introduced; they are similar to the OT prophets. For example, 11:6 records “They have power to shut up the sky so that it will not rain during the time they are prophesying.” This reminds us of Elijah in 1 Kings which culminates in chapter 18 when he demonstrated God’s power over Baal and Asherah and rain returned to the land. This is followed by the blowing of the seventh trumpet and history is brought to completion. Jesus will reign over the world forever and will judge all, rewarding those who followed him, and opposing those who opposed him.
Chapter twelve introduces an enormous red dragon which sends destruction on the earth. The dragon attempts to devour a woman’s son but cannot. The dragon is identified as Satan and his defeat is announced. The dragon cannot catch the woman who gave birth to his mortal enemy; “Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to make war against the rest of her offspring—those who keep God’s commands and hold fast their testimony about Jesus” (12:17). Satan knows he is defeated but wants to attack Christians as long as he is able.