The first three chapters of Leviticus describe the materials and process for the burnt, grain, and fellowship offerings. Concerning the burnt and fellowship offerings, it is important to offer an animal “without defect.” For the grain offering it is to be “the finest flour.” During the later periods the prophets will often lament that the people are offering sick, lame animals and poor quality grain. The attitude of the people toward God is that he can have what is leftover and unwanted.
Grain offerings are to be seasoned with salt but not to contain yeast or honey. The association with yeast and its corruption will continue and Jesus can speak of the “yeast of the Pharisees.” The fat of the offered animals is for the Lord and chapter three concludes with “This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live: You must not eat any fat or any blood” (3:17). This commandment will become quite contentious in the church era as evidenced by Acts 15.